Story image

GitHub tallies most popular programming languages in 2018

26 Nov 18

JavaScript is still a winner when it comes to programming languages but Kotlin, HCL, TypeScript and PowerShell are quickly climbing the ranks.

That’s according to a breakdown of GitHub’s most popular programming languages of 2018. The GitHub team used metrics including how many unique contributors tagged a primary language, as well as the number of repositories created and tagged with a primary language.

It found that there are more repositories created in JavaScript than in any other language. JavaScript is also the language with the most contributors across private and public repositories.

JavaScript’s popularity extends to Australia and New Zealand and remains the top language across the two countries.

While JavaScript, Java, PHP and Python are popular worldwide, the rankings are a little different for Oceania. Java, C# and PHP are all common choices, along with Shell and C++.

GitHub notes that Africa and South America more commonly use TypeScript than developers in North America, possibly because developer communities are newer.

“Perhaps this means they’re more likely to focus on newer developer technologies,” GitHub says.

Some languages such as Ruby have dropped in popularity, even though more contributors are coding with Ruby.

“New projects are less likely to be written in Ruby, especially projects owned by individual users or small organisations, and much more likely to be written in JavaScript, Java, or Python,” GitHub comments.

Kotlin, HCL, TypeScript, PowerShell and Rust are some of the fastest growing programming languages.

The growth in PowerShell may be attributable to the many projects owned by large organisations. Large organisations are also using Go, which has seen a 1.5x increase in popularity.

TypeScript’s increasing popularity is of particular note because it can both integrate and coexist with JavaScript, the most popular programming language.

“We’re also seeing trends toward more statically-typed languages focused on type safety and interoperability: Kotlin, TypeScript, and Rust are growing fast,” GitHub says.

Kotlin and Rust seem to find compatible audiences in C and Java, while Python is versatile and interoperable.

“Interoperability doesn’t only imply that languages have a pre-existing community to use and build on them. It also means that they can transcend and intermingle with different communities. For example, Kotlin was acknowledged as a first-class citizen on the Android platform last year,” GitHub continues.

Because GitHub is a community of developers, they can create resources for newer languages like Kotlin to help that language and many others continue to grow.

49 inches: Samsung's latest gaming monitor steps up to Dual QHD
Samsung’s gaming monitors will have a few extra inches around the waist this year.
Jobs 'aplenty' for freelance writers, devs & ecommerce specialists?
Jobs tagged with the keyword ‘writing’ took the top spot as the fastest moving job in 2018.
Updated: Chch crypto-exchange Cryptopia suffers breach
Cryptopia has reportedly experienced a security breach that has taken the entire platform offline – and resulted in ‘significant losses’.
iPhone XS Max costs average Kiwi 11.6 work days – world comparison
A new study has compared how long it will take the average worker in 42 countries to purchase Apple's newest iPhone - NZ doesn't do too bad.
Chorus reckons Kiwis have an insatiable appetite for data
New Zealanders love the internet – and we love Fortnite even more.
Hands-on review: XANOVA Juturna-U gaming headset
Despite my first impressions on the quality of the headset, I was disappointed with both of the auxiliary cables provided, which felt cheap and would cut out, almost as if they were already frayed.
Audioengine’s Wireless A5+ are just bloody good speakers
I judge these speakers on the aspects that Audioengine boasts about - quality, streaming, simplicity and versatility
Hands-on review: The Ekster Wallet protects your cards against RFID attacks
For some time now, I’ve been protecting my credit cards with tinfoil. The tinfoil hat does attract a lot of comments, but thanks to Ekster, those days are now happily behind me.