A joint international criminal investigation has resulted in seven people being charged in Romania for the largest credit card data theft in Australia’s history.
The criminal syndicate, who had access to 500,000 Australian credit cards and around 30,000 credit cards, have been arrested on suspicion of fraudulent transactions amounting to over $30 million.
Codenamed Operation Lino, the investigation started in June 2011 when the Australian Federal Police (AFP) received a referral from an Australian financial institution related to suspicious credit card transactions.
“This is the largest data breach investigation ever undertaken by Australian law enforcement," said commander Glen McEwen, AFP manager for Cyber Crime Operations.
“Without the cooperation of 13 other countries, along with Australia’s banking and finance sector, we would not have been able to track these illegal transactions to the criminal network in Romania.
"This successful outcome is a culmination of 17 months of hard work with these partners.”
“Following initial inquiries, the AFP entered into a joint investigation with the Romanian National Police in March of this year, leading to these arrests."
Stolen credit card data was being used to create false credit cards, enabling thousands of counterfeit transactions to be carried out in numerous overseas locations including Europe, Hong Kong, Australia and the United States.
After the AFP identified the cause of the data compromise, the investigation grew to involve numerous international law enforcement partners and the Australian banking and finance sector also provided strong support.
The operation came to resolution earlier this week in Romania when 16 people were detained across the country, seven of which were arrested and as a result, the criminal syndicate was successfully shut down.
The AFP worked closely with Romanian authorities throughout the resolution and will continue to provide support during the prosecution phase in Romania.
No Australian credit card holders lost money as a result of these fraudulent transactions as Australian financial institutions reimbursed the financial losses of cardholders.
Steven Münchenberg, CEO of the Australian Bankers’ Association (ABA), said, “We congratulate the police on their efforts on this fraud investigation.”
“Banks have advanced monitoring systems to prevent fraud and in this case, they contacted customers when suspicious transactions occurred.
"Often banks will take immediate action to protect the account, stop transactions and cancel cards when it is confirmed that fraud may have been perpetrated."
Abacus Australian Mutuals CEO Louise Petschler said today’s developments show that cyber crime is a global enterprise.
“It underlines how a coordinated approach by law enforcement agencies, financial institutions, merchants and consumers can help fight card fraud," she said.
"We all have a role to play to ensure credit card transactions are safe and secure."